How to treat osteochondrosis at home?

Osteochondrosis is a chronic disease of the spine, for the treatment of which, in most cases, conservative methods are used. Surgical treatment is used in the continuous course of the disease, when it is not possible to achieve the effect with other available methods.

massage as a way to treat osteochondrosis

Conservative treatment of spinal osteochondrosis, in the absence of neurological complications, usually does not require hospitalization of the patient and can be performed at home. Home treatment should be prescribed by the attending physician after examining the patient and performing the necessary laboratory and instrumental studies. You can treat osteochondrosis at home using the following methods.

Medication treatment

Prescription of drugs is indicated for the aggravation of the disease. The use of medication is aimed at combating pain syndrome caused by compression of the spinal nerve roots and vertebral arteries as a result of edema of tissues or altered elements of the spine. Depending on the route of drug administration, drug treatment is divided into general and local.

For general treatment, the following groups of drugs are used:

  • Anti-inflammatory. . . Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with a pronounced analgesic effect are administered orally. The daily dose is divided into 3-4 doses. All these drugs should be taken after or during meals and washed down with plenty of fluids due to their pronounced irritating effect on the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract. If the patient has a worsening of gastritis or peptic ulcer disease, it is necessary to switch to parenteral administration of NSAIDs.
  • Muscle relaxantsused in combination with diuretics and vasoactive agents. Thus, it is possible to achieve a reduction of muscular hypertension and a reduction of tissue edema in the area in which the pain is localized. The drugs are used for 5 to 7 days.
  • tranquilizers. . . To prevent the development of neuroticism, which can lead to a pronounced pain syndrome, the appointment of sedatives of plant origin is indicated: herbal teas, tinctures, tariffs. With prolonged deterioration, sedatives or antidepressants are prescribed.
  • Vitamin B. . . Dosage forms are used for oral administration in the form of multivitamin complexes. These drugs improve trophism and contribute to the restoration of nerve tissue structures that have suffered as a result of compression. B vitamins should be taken daily for 2-3 weeks.
  • Chondroprotectors: Improve the regeneration of damaged cartilage tissue and prevent degenerative and destructive processes occurring in the intervertebral disc.

Local treatment consists of the use of external medications in the area where the pain is localized, usually in the projection of the affected segments of the spine. The following dosage forms are used:

  • Ointments and anti-inflammatory gels, which contain non-steroidal drugs as active ingredients. They are prescribed in combination with general anti-inflammatory therapy, the oils are rubbed into the skin of the back, lower back or neck 3-4 times a day during an exacerbation of the disease until the pain subsides.
  • Heating balm, rubbing, oilscontaining biologically active substances with a moderate irritating effect. The composition of such drugs includes menthol, bee or snake venom, which improve blood circulation, reduce tissue swelling at the focus of pain.
  • Dimexid, in addition to the fact that in itself has a good anti-inflammatory effect, has a strong penetrating effect and is able to deliver other drugs dissolved deep in the tissues. Used in the form of applications or coatings for wet drying, with a dilution of 1: 4. Local anesthetics, hormonal drugs, NSAIDs are added to the solution of Dimexide. Usually, after 5-7 applications, a noticeable improvement in well-being occurs.

Physiotherapy

Therapeutic gymnastics is a method of treatment that is necessarily recommended for all patients with osteochondrosis, provided that the patient has no contraindications. During an exacerbation of the disease, any physical exercise is prohibited. The first classes start only after the pain subsides under the instructor's supervision. Regular gymnastics helps strengthen the muscular frame of the spine and reduce the load on the intervertebral discs. Systematic physical activity improves blood supply and, as a result, normalizes metabolic processes in problematic areas of the spine, significantly slowing down the degeneration of intervertebral discs.

Depending on the localization of osteochondrosis, there are different training methods. The most effective gymnastics for the cervical and lumbar spine. When choosing a range of exercises, it is necessary to take into account the severity of the destructive changes in the spine and the initial condition of the muscle tissue. Better yet, before you start independent studies, get the advice of a qualified exercise therapy specialist.

Massage

Massage in combination with therapeutic exercises is an effective method for treating osteochondrosis. It allows you to significantly reduce the occurrence of muscle stiffness, increase blood supply to problem areas and improve the nutrition of cartilage tissue of the back. Massage can be done only after the deterioration subsides in the absence of pain, as well as during forgiveness with a preventive purpose.

At home, you can perform self-massage, which consists of using basic therapeutic massage techniques: stroking, squeezing, kneading and rubbing. In addition to self-massage, in which the patient uses his own hands, special assistive devices can be used at home. These can be both the simplest equipment - applicators and complex equipment, which are mechanical massages, vacuum and even mini physiotherapy equipment.

Guard mode

It is possible to effectively treat osteochondrosis of the spine at home only with continued adherence to a gentle regimen. Moreover, the regime must be observed both in the acute period of illness and during remission when there are no complaints. This is due to the fact that in most cases, a deterioration occurs, precisely, due to non-compliance with the correct regime in daily life.

The position of the talus, in which the night sleep occurs, is of great importance. The bed should have an orthopedic mattress and a small sturdy pillow. With osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, a special roller should be placed under the neck in order to achieve the most physiological position of the spine and relax the muscles as much as possible. If possible, avoid prolonged uncomfortable behavior while sitting at a desk or watching TV. If intense physical activity is coming, especially weight lifting, then it is necessary to use special corsets.