Pain in the joints of the fingers: causes and treatment

Currently, people of different age groups have different diseases of the cardiovascular system, nervous system, rheumatological and bone diseases. Everyone at any age can get sick. But the most common diseases of the musculoskeletal system. These diseases can occur in both the elderly and the young. Small joints are most often affected, such joints include the formations of the hands and feet. For what reasons do the joints of bone structures hurt, what causes pain in the joints of the fingers and how to treat it?

reason

pain in the joints of the fingers

When a painful sensation occurs in the hand area, up to a certain time, we do not pay proper attention to it, meanwhile, the progression and development of the disease occurs. What diseases can cause pain in the joints of the fingers? The most common diseases of the bone joints, which can provoke a pain attack:

  • Polyosteoarthritis of the bone joints.
  • Arthritis (rheumatoid or psoriatic).
  • Worsening of gout.
  • Tenosynovitis
  • Rhizarthrosis.
  • Limb injury.
  • Disorder of microcirculation.
  • Pathology of nerve endings or spine.
  • Delayed treatment of chronic diseases.

Why do finger joints hurt? Pain in the joints of the fingers with different pathologies has different causes. Let us examine in detail the features of pain in different pathologies.

Osteoarthritis

pain in the joints of the fingers with osteoarthritis

When polio occurs, pain in the knuckles can occur in both people under 45 and those over 55. With this pathology, a distinguishing feature is that when the joints are damaged, the Heberden joints appear. They are located in the back of the palm, which is also characteristic of the fact that they are formed in the same way (in the right and left hand at the same time in similar localizations).

Nodules can occur in the phalanges of the fingers (most often the loss of the index and middle fingers). It is at the time of the formation of such a joint that the patient may feel an unpleasant burning sensation, pain, swelling and redness may occur. First of all, it is necessary to address the original cause.

Rheumatoid arthritis

rheumatoid arthritis as a cause of pain in the joints of the fingers

With rheumatoid arthritis, the finger joints are injured in 6-7 percent of cases. Diseases can occur in people of different age groups, women are more often ill and are formed against the background of emotional overload, after colds, infections or hypothermia. The disease begins with inflammatory changes, then the affected joint swells slightly, the pain worsens when you bend the phalanges of the right and left arms. The lesion is usually symmetrical, and other nodes, even large ones, may be involved.

The pathology has an inflammatory nature of pain (increases at night and in the morning, and during the day and in the evening the painful attack decreases slightly). In addition to these symptoms, the patient feels a feeling of weakness, he has a fever and may have chills. Therapy should be directed at treating the underlying disease.

psoriasis

In 5% of cases, the pain may appear due to psoriatic arthritis. People between the ages of 20 and 50 are sick with skin lesions (psoriatic plaques). A feature in the inflammatory process, the disease has axial inflammation (all its joints are injured in the affected finger). The skin on such a joint has a burgundy color.

Inflammation can affect the bone joints of the right or left hand, but very rarely both at the same time, which indicates its asymmetry.

gout

the knuckles in the hands hurt

Gout is the "culprit" for pain in less than 4% of cases. Most often it occurs in men, most often it occurs with an injury of the thumb, then it affects the other joints. Occurs in the age range from 20 to 50 years. In the hands, the disease develops with an injury of the thumb (rarely from the little finger), then spreads to other joints, the pain worsens at night, which disrupts the manner and quality of sleep, the thumb takes on a red tinge and becomeshot to the touch.

The duration of an acute attack can be up to 12 days, then the pain subsides. Paroxysmal pain syndrome is a feature of this disease.

Trauma

Injuries and dislocations of the limbs play an important role when the fingers are injured. If the cartilage tissue is damaged, its gradual regeneration occurs, but the complete and identical cartilage will no longer be in any case, it will have a defect of one degree or another. Initially, the symptoms may not occur, but gradually the cartilage tissue is consumed and no longer fully fulfills its functions, which leads to the onset of pain syndrome (pain occurs earlier when the little finger is touched).

Other diseases

De Curven tenosynovitis causes pain syndrome in 2-3% and implies an inflammatory process of the muscle tissue of the thumb. Characterized by the appearance of pain at the base of the wrist, they are spontaneous or provoked by overload, increase with flexion and elongation (pain does not occur in this area from the index finger to the little finger).

With rhizarthrosis, the thumb hurts, a pathology of its articulation occurs, more often it appears together with poliostoarthrosis, less often on its own. Provoked by a constant constant load. It is difficult to diagnose the disease from de Curwen tenosynovitis. But with this pathology, a feature is the deformity of the finger bones, which is clearly visible on the roentgenogram of the hand.

treatment

Timely treatment, and most importantly, correctly prescribed will help avoid pain in later stages of life. Prevention of rheumatic diseases is an important step in maintaining the same standard of living. But what to do and how to treat the disease if it is born or has worsened?

Therapeutic methods must act in a complex way, solve some problems and help restore damaged tissue.

First of all, it is necessary to accurately diagnose the cause of the disease, then determine by which method to carry out treatment (medication or already surgical).

Medication treatment

pills for pain in the joints of the fingers

The most common group of drugs that can reduce or completely stop pain syndrome are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). In addition to the detoxifying effect, they have anti-inflammatory qualities.

The medicinal substance can be applied independently, taking into account the available instructions.

In arthritis, when the joints of the hands are injured, glucocorticosteroid drugs (GCS) are prescribed, this group has an anti-inflammatory effect that immediately stops the onset of pain. To increase the healing and regenerating effect, various oils and creams are used; they will also help relieve pain in a short time.

Physiotherapy methods of treatment and prevention are widespread. The most popular methods are:

  1. Phonophoresis.
  2. Ultra high frequency (UHF) therapy.
  3. Ultraviolet and infrared radiation.
  4. Performing gymnastic exercises.
  5. Therapeutic and restorative massage.
  6. Moderate physical activity.

Surgery

surgical treatment of pain in the finger joints

This method is radical and is used in the late and advanced stages of the disease. Surgery is performed using prostheses, replacement of articular surfaces or restoration of blood flow.